Breast cancer diagnoses are expected to rise by 60 percent by 2030, according to new reports. The American Cancer Society and Lancet says that many women, particularly those who live in poorer countries, are at increased risk of developing breast cancer. It is estimated that there will be around 5.5 million women diagnosed with the disease in the next decade and a half. This figure approximates the population of Denmark. These projections were announced during the most recent World Cancer Congress in Paris.
Both studies say that most deaths occur among young and middle-aged women. Most worrisome, the authors say, is that these forms of cancer are largely preventable and treatable through early detection. Cancer is considered the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular disease among women. However, in poorer countries, many adults do not have access to sufficient health care. Many women see an oncologist only when their situation is already severe.
These findings emphasize current medical theories that rapid economic transitions – which have brought about a change in physical activity, diet, and reproductive habits – have caused an increased risk for illnesses normally common in high-income countries. Unfortunately, while developing countries have adopted poorer health habits, healthcare has remained static. Countries with the highest death rates were Kenya, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Zimbabwe, and Malawi.
Authors of the study say that these are estimations. The number can be dramatically reduced with proper education and healthcare. Most importantly, treatment options are more effective on cases diagnosed early.